Act No. 18 Year 2012 on Food emphasizes the duty of the state to realize the availability, affordability, and fulfilment of adequate, safe, quality, and nutritionally balanced food consumption, both at national and regional as well as individual levels, and evenly sustainable across the country. Every citizen has the right for fair, equitable, and sustainable food fulfilment based on Food Sovereignty, Food Independence, and Food Security. The clause indicates that compliance with food is part of Indonesian citizens’ rights which is guaranteed in the 1945 Constitution.
In line with this, Presidential Regulation No. 26 Year 2012 on the National Logistics System (Sislognas) as an effort to boost the nation’s competitiveness on produced food-related goods or commodities and to ensure the right to food evenly has also endorsed.
There are three main things that need to be focused on food management, namely: (1) food availability based on optimal utilization of local resources; (2) food affordability from physical and economical aspects of the entire population; and (3) food and nutrition use or consumption for healthy, active, and productive living. In terms of physical affordability, condition of infrastructure/facility becomes an important key support aspect for the success of food management.
However, the condition of facilities and infrastructure in Indonesia is still characterized by low accessibility, quality, or scope of services. Inequality of infrastructure conditions between western and eastern Indonesian region also becomes a significant obstacle to the implementation of food management. The existing facilities and infrastructure have not been fully able to be the backbone to support government’s measures to achieve food sovereignty.
In response, PUSTRAL-UGM held a SYNERGIA 2014 discussion with the theme of “Logistics System for competitiveness and food sovereignty”. This activity aimed to: (1) obtain an overview on challenges and strategies of policy implementation in order to realize national food sovereignty; (2) to discuss constraints and challenges of infrastructure development and logistics transportation services to support the realization of competitive national logistics system that is capable of supporting the creation of national food sovereignty; and (3) finding a solution to overcome various obstacles encountered.
The discussion activity in SYNERGIA 2014 involved policy makers from related Ministries /Institutions, associations, industry, practitioners, and academics. There were 200 participants involved in the discussion. The speakers at this event are: Dr. Kuncoro Harto Widodo (Director of PUSTRAL-UGM), Prof. Dr. Robert de Souza (Executive Director for The Logistics Institute – Asia Pacific, NUS), Ir. Saut Parulian Hutagalung, M.Sc. (Deputy Minister of Marine and Fisheries), Dr. Beni Rachman (Head of Food Sovereignty), Zaldi Masita (President of ALI – Indonesian Logistics Association), Poltak Ambarita (PDN Director General, Ministry of Commerce) and Dr. M. Pramono Hadi (PUSTRAL-UGM) as the moderator. The event was opened by the Rector of Universitas Gadjah Mada, Prof. Pratikno, while the keynote speech was delivered by Mr. Edi Putra Irawady (Deputy for coordination of commercial and entrepreneurial, CMEA)
Logistics is interpreted not merely as an item, but a series of activities process of procurement, storage and distribution of goods and equipment through an effective organization networks. This process requires system clarity and good infrastructure support. In the context of disaster, logistics and supply chain management is one of the most important aspects and factors for successful disaster management and handling. In contrast to commercial logistics, humanitarian logistics aims to help victims of disasters such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods and tsunami to maximize humanity values. Humanitarian logistics must be able to ensure that materials and equipments are acceptable to the victims not only in good condition but can be distributed on time at the right targets. Humanitarian logistics also need to guarantee smooth running of information so that all parties can communicate easily and support the planning and implementation of policies related to procurement, storage and distribution of goods and equipments.
PUSTRAL-UGM in cooperation with Kuehne Foundation-NUS Education Center for Humanitarian Logistics Asia Pacific, Singapore, and the Singapore Institute for Materials Management (SIMM) organized a certificated training entitled Certificate in Humanitarian Logistics Management at the University Club of UGM on 25-28 March 2014. This training was addressed to government agencies that deal with disasters (BPBDs), humanitarian and academic institutions in disaster areas. The event was also attended by Deputy II of Presidential Work Unit for Development Monitoring and Control (UKP4) Mr. Arie Mohammad Hanief Setianto.
The training activity was attended by 40 participants from Government (BPBDs), NGOs, humanitarian agencies, academics and research centers. The trainers were Dr. Robert de Souza, Dr. Lindawati (The Logistics Institute Asia Pacific Singapore NUS), Dr. Jasni Hambali (SIMM), Temmy Tanubrata (Director of PT. Khalifa Jaya Utama), and Iwan Agriawan (Senior Researcher PUSTRAL-UGM)
National Logistics System (Sislognas) issued by the government as a Presidential Decree (Decree) No. 26 The year 2012 is one of the instruments developed by the government in supporting the improvement of Indonesia competitiveness in ASEAN free trade in 2015 and public welfare. The National Logistics System blueprint classifies Batubara Regency as a special economic zone area. This classification is given since Batubara Regency has a Port which is planned to be an International Hub Port, the Port of Kuala Tanjung.
Responding to this issue, the Commission C of Batubara Regency’s Regional House of Representative which is responsible for people welfare, one of which covers the areas of education, plans to increase the quality of human resources of Batubara Regency through education, particularly in the area of logistics. It is intended to prepare local human resources to implement the National Logistics System (Sislognas) plan. Visit to PUSTRAL-UGM aimed to discuss the possibility of introducing logistics into the curriculum of vocational school. Deputy Chiefs of PUSTRAL UGM, Mr. Arif Wismadi and Mr. Pramono Hadi hosted the visit.
At 2012 PUSTRAL UGM involved in the feasibility study and master plan formulation for new airport in Yogyakarta, in cooperation with Landrum and Brown Australia with client GVK Airport, India. Adisutjipto Airport, the existing airport of Yogyakarta has been over capacity for years and not able to maintain good service for the fast growing air traffic in this region. Surrounded by houses, short runway, there are no more space for development in this airport. Also there are raising questions about the safety aspect of this airport with the presence of natural obstacles (mountain) and no space buffer at both runway ends. Another constraint is the fact that this airport is belong to air force that serve as base and flying school. All of those constraint leave this airport with very limited capacity.
After selection process, it was recommended that location of new airport will be at Kulon Progo Regency, about 35 km west of Yogyakarta City. The new airport is expected be able to handle big capacity (could reach 24 million passenger per year at 30 years time) both at land side capacity or air side capacity. The new airport is expected also within one hour travel (or less) from nearest city, by provision of good road and railway access. The airport is designed to handle large domestic traffic using B737/A320 family aircraft’s, while also able to handle the large aircraft to directly flying to Dubai or Jeddah (for Haj purpose). An airport city complex will also be provided. This airport will be developed using PPP scheme, may the first one in the sector. Indonesia does not have many experiences in using PPP scheme for infrastructure except for toll road and water.
PUSTRAL UGM also involved is the other option for air transportation access to this region by possibility to combine the Adisutjipto Airport of Yogyakarta with Adi Soemarmo Airport of Solo, about 60 km to east. The Adi Soemarmo Airport also managed by military. The train is used to connect these two airports. Unfortunately, combining of both airports still not able to handle the projected air traffic in this region.
Currently PUSTRAL UGM works in a team led by PT. Asana Wirasta Setia (private consultant base in Jakarta) in preparation of new airport development in South Banten, Banten Province. This new airport is located at Pandeglang Regency, south Banten. According to Ministry Decree No 433/2010, the airport plans to handle 12 million passenger for next 20 years with runway able to handle the wide body aircraft’s. The team works to prepare the strategic first stage development because the transportation ministry expected the development of this airport will be by private money, very different from usual project that use public money in airport development. At first stage, this airport also mainly for tourism to attract visitors to come to the famous Ujung Kulon and Tanjung Lesung resort area.
In line with the increase of population and changes in consumption patterns and life-style of Indonesian people, there is an increasing need of beef. Currently, the need of beef in Indonesia has been fulfilled through various ways, such as from local farm as well as imports of life cattle and beef.
Currently, Indonesian beef consumption reaches 1.7 kg per capita per year or equal to 1.75 to 2.0 million of life cattle (Directorate General of Husbandry, 2008) and Indonesia can only meet approximately 70% of the need, the rest (30%) is obtained from imports. Referring to the livestock statistics (2010), it is known that the export of beef reached 735 tonnes, while the import reached 77,412 tonnes. It means that Indonesia is still facing a demand gap of beef. Under these conditions, it is critical to fill that demand gap by increasing the supply of domestic beef. Areas which have the potential to be beef supplier and have a surplus tendency can be encouraged to fill the gap, particularly for Java area.
Guaranteeing beef supply is a challenge for beef supply chain management. With the limited capabilities of Java to produce cattle to meet the needs of consumers in Java, it is necessary to find other areas in Indonesia as a potential source of local cattle producers to fill the demand gap. Bali, NTT and NTB are the potential provinces to be prospective cattle producers compared to other provinces in Indonesia. Based on the ratio of cow number in comparison to the population, Bali, NTT, and NTB provinces currently have the highest ratio of availability.
This study aims to identify some of the following key points:
a. locations of production centres of beef cattle in NTB and NTT provinces;
b. marketing channels and distribution systems from farmers to interisland traders and marketing channels in consumption areas (especially Jakarta and its surroundings);
c. the most efficient logistics cost from production areas to consumption areas;
d. the most efficient model or systems of beef distribution from producer areas to consumer areas (Jakarta and its surroundings); and
e. kinds of logistics infrastructure needed to be developed to support effective and efficient beef supply chain.
National Logistics System (Sislognas) issued by the government as a Presidential Decree (Decree) No. 26 Year 2012 is one of instruments developed by the government to improve the competitiveness of Indonesia in ASEAN free trade in 2015 and public welfare. Logistics performance improvement, labour market increase, and professionalism improvement in logistics sector are major issue in Sislognas Agenda. Almost in line with this, the Dutch government has launched Top Logistics Sector program in which Dinalog is established. Dinalog initiates applied researches which put academic knowledge as an innovation engine in Dutch companies to compete internationally. On the other hand, universities in the Netherlands, especially those which have strong concern on applied sciences want to improve their quality of education, and graduates as well as creating more practical, integrated and internationally scaled education and research activities,. Similarly, universities in Indonesia are always trying to meet community needs (private and government) by creating a balance between supply and demand in labour market. The biggest challenge faced is developing an employment-market-oriented education and applied research activities.
Committing to take a contribution in supporting the national programs of both countries (and Sislognas Top Logistics sector) and fulfilling universities needs, a consortium called Living Lab Logistics Indonesia (LLLI)-Netherlands is being developed by a number of universities in Netherlands and Indonesia by involving partners from government and private companies in both countries. The initiative is taken by NUFFIC (Netherlands international cooperation institutions of higher education) and Dinalog. The concept of Triple Helix cooperation (academia, industry and government) will facilitate the exchange of best practices in education, research for industry and labour market relevance in the field of logistics.
A series of activities have been carried out in the initiative. The most recent agenda is Week of LLLI which is held at partner universities in Indonesia. Following the events in Jakarta, Bandung and Surabaya, similar activities have been carried out at the University of Gadjah Mada on 19 April 2013 at the Center for Transportation and Logistics (PUSTRAL). The activity was attended by representatives from Trisakti University, Institute of Technology Bandung, Sepuluh November Institute of Technology, NUFFIC and Netherlands universities involved in the LLLI consortium that is HAN University of Applied Science, NHTV Breda University of Applied Science, and Rotterdam University. The meeting was also attended by several private companies that have been actively involved in this consortium that is Pelindo-2 (Indonesia Port Company-IPC), Samudera Indonesia and Witteveen+ Bos Netherlands
During the activity, the initiators of the consortium signed an agreement concerning student exchange, internship and promotion activities as well as organization and governance of LLLI.
Definition and understanding of ‘logistics’ term vary among persons. In the context of disaster management, particularly, misunderstanding frequently happens. Indeed, understanding the concept of logistics becomes determining factor for the success of disaster management and mitigation. This fact has encouraged the Center for Transportation and Logistics Studies (PUSTRAL) Universitas Gadjah Mada to organize a seminar on Humanitarian Logistics and Disaster Management in Indonesia. The seminar had been organized on March 19, 2013 in Wisma Kagama UGM.
Dr. Kuncoro Harto Widodo, Director of PUSTRAL, underlined that in-depth understanding and insight on humanitarian logistics were very important for humanitarian employees working in government bodies such as BNPB and BPBD, NGOs, academic institutions, or private organizations. “This seminar discuss about experiences, challenges and potentials of the humanitarian logistics development in Indonesia”, Dr. Kuncoro said.
In his opening speech, Vice Rector for Research and Community Service Affairs, Prof. Dr. Suratman, welcomed and appreciated the organization of the seminar which was a collaboration between PUSTRAL-UGM and Kuehne Foundation-NUS Education Center for Humanitarian Logistics Asia Pacific, Singapore, Master Program on Management of Infrastructure and Community Development (MICD) UGM, and PT. Satas Transportindo International. “This seminar is important and real contribution of UGM and the embodiment of main responsibility of study centers in UGM which should always be critical through research activity and take smart initiative to solve national and humanitarian problems”, Prof. Suratman said. He also emphasized the important of multi-sector collaboration in coping with the challenges and solving a problem. “Higher education institution is an agent of change which shall be able to bridge collaboration of various sectors, government, community and private sectors” he continued.
The seminar had invited Mr. Sunardi, M.Sc (Director of Logistics, BNPB); Prof. Dr. Sunyoto Usman (Academics and Member of Board of Researcher, PUSTRAL-UGM); Mr. Frans Toegimin (Coordinator of Yogyakarta Disaster Risk Reduction Forum); Mrs. Siti Ariyanti (Director of PT. Satas Transportindo International); and Jonas Stumpf (Program Director of Kuehne Foundation-NUS Education Center for Humanitarian Logistics Asia Pacific). Participants, coming from government institution, NGOs, university, humanitarian organization, and private, were very enthusiastic to participate in the seminar.
Training ini diikuti oleh 30 orang Kepala Dinas Pusat Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia Perhubungan Kementerian Perhubungan, dengan 2 orang Fasilitator dari PUSTRAL-UGM, yaitu Iwan Puja Riyadi, ST., dan Supanggung A.Md.
Training on Transport Management di Singapura ini berlangsung dari tanggal 30 September – 3 Oktober 2012.
Kegiatan hari pertama Training on Transport Management ini diawali dengan rangkaian city tour di Singapura. Hari kedua, kegiatan training diawali dengan kunjungan ke Kedubes RI di Singapura, kemudian dilanjutkan kunjungan ke The Logistics Institute – Asia Pasific (TLIAP), National University of Singapore. Hari Ketiga kegiatan training dilanjutkan kunjungan ke Singapore Cargo Terminal, kunjungan ke Land Transport Gallery, dan Kunjungan ke Integrated Transport Hub at Sengkang. Hari keempat, kegiatan training bertempat di LTA Academy Singapore, kali ini kegiatan dibagi menjadi 2 sesi, yaitu sesi 1 : Overview Singapore’s Land Transport System, dan Sesi 2: Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) Concepts and Policies, disela-sela sesi 1 dan sesi 2 terdapat kegiatan kunjungan ke Intelegent Transport System Centre (ITSC).
Training on sustainable transportation di Hiroshima University-Jepang, diikuti oleh 21 orang dosen/instruktur di lingkungan balai pendidikan dan pelatihan transportasi darat ditambah dengan 2 orang dari pustral-ugm sebagai fasilitator, yaitu Dr. Heru Sutomo dan Lilik Wachid Budi Susilo, ST.MT. Training ini dilaksanakan pada tanggal 11-19 September 2012.
Sebelum bertolak ke Jepang untuk mengikuti training, para peserta mengikuti workshop pre-departure yang dilaksanakan pada tanggal 11 oktober 2012 di Kantor Badan Pendidikan & Pelatihan Transportasi Darat (BPPTD) Bali.
Training on Sustainable Transportation training dilaksanakan dengan pemberian materi dikelas, dan kunjungan ke palangan. Materi yang disampaikan adalah; ICT & ITS for Sustainable Transport System in Japan, Traffic Safety and Environtment in Japan (Sustainable Asian Safety Mobility) , Public Participation in Urban Park Development in Japan, Eco Model Cities in Japan, Environmental Incentive Scheme in Urban and Transport Sector in Japan, dan Future Low Carbon Society (Electric Vehicle, Smart Grid, Personal Mobility).
Tempat yang dikunjungi sebagai bagian dari materi training adalah; Road Traffic Control Center (Nexco West Japan), Seno (skytrain), Chugoku Dentetsu (Chuden), ICT dan Astram Line.