Regulatory Framework for PPP in the Provision of Broadband Passive Infrastructure in ASEAN

On July 28, 2015 PUSTRAL UGM held an ASEAN level international workshop entitled “Regulatory Framework for PPPs in the Provision of Broadband Passive Infrastructure in ASEAN” at the Discovery Hotel and Convention Ancol, Jakarta as part of a study sponsored by ASEAN. The event was attended by telecommunication expert delegates of ASEAN countries, as well as representatives of both national government agencies concerned such as the Ministry of Public Works (MPW), Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (Kemkominfo), Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA), National Banks, and telecommunications Operators and Local Government.

The background of convening this event is most ASEAN countries share similar targets and challenges in providing overall internet access. 80% of the cost of network deploying covers civil works involving excavation and establishment of towers. The ultimate solution for this problem is passive infrastructures such as ducting and towers that can be used by all internet service provider (ISP). This method would cut the cost of physical provision, accelerate the process, and save the time needed for various licensing processes.
The provision of passive infrastructure also faces many challenges both in terms of development and management. Government’s cooperation with private sector, like other infrastructure, must be able to speed up this process. A good regulation is also needed so that the target can be achieved as well as to open up opportunities for internet providers to develop. This workshop has became a forum for sharing experiences and best practices to be a reference and input for all ASEAN countries in developing a regulatory framework in each country.
The workshop was opened by Mr. Basuki Yusuf Iskandar as Head of Human Resources Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Communication, Information and Technology. As the keynote speakers were Mr. Arif Wismadi (Indonesia), Mr. Bukhari Yahya (Malaysia), and Mr. Harin Greawal (Singapore). Mr. Hengki Purwoto and Mr. Lukito Edi Nugroho (Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia ) took a role as moderators of this programme. (Listi, Muadz, Adi)


Lean, Clean, and Green Cities: Rationalizing Indonesian Urban Freight Through Inclusive Urban Development Workshop

In the next 50 years freight delivery systems worldwide must respond to three conditions. They must be highly efficient in their management of energy use and finance (lean), they must enhance and not detract from the quality of the urban environment and the health of citizens (clean), and they must not damage local and global ecological systems (green). They must also play their part in developing socially inclusive cities and spreading the benefits of economic development among all citizens. It needs to be noted that without a ‘lean, clean, and green’ urban freight system there cannot be ‘lean, clean, and green’ cities since the mobility of goods also contributes to the load on urban capacity. Unorganized urban logistics contribute to congestion, pollution, and high cost of goods.

Addressing the issue above, PUSTRAL UGM with the support from DIKTI, has arranged a workshop with the title “Lean, clean, green cities: rationalizing Indonesian urban freight management through inclusive urban development.” This workshop is part of a grand research theme, following several other advance researches by PUSTRAL in the field of urban logistics in Indonesia. The workshop was held in UGM Building Jl. Dr. Sahardjo No 83, Manggarai, Tebet, South Jakarta for 2 days on July 30-31 2015. Invited participants represented academia and local government from Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Medan, Denpasar, and Makassar, also logistic associations.

The speakers in this workshop are: Medis Sejahtera Surbakti, ST. (Universitas Sumatera Utara), Dr. Ir. Nyoman Budiartha R.M., M.Sc. (Universitas Udayana), Prof. Dr. Ir. Sutanto, M.Eng. (Universitas Indonesia), Dr.Eng. M. Isran Ramli, ST. MT. (Universitas Hasanuddin) and Prof. Dr. Danang Parikesit (Universitas Gadjah Mada). This workshop was moderated by Dr. Kuncoro Harto Widodo, S.T.P., M.Eng and Hengki Purwoto, MA. To make the discussions more intense and productive, additional commentators were invited, including Dr. Nofrisel and Dr. Yayat Supriyatna.

Prof. Danang Parikesit closed the workshop by synthesizing lessons learnt and Indonesia’s main urban logistic issues since the beginning of the workshop and formulate future actions. Following this workshop, there will be other coordination agendas  between universities to prioritize future urban logistic research themes. (Adi, Muadz)

DSC_0538 DSC_0544 DSC_0580 DSC_0583


Rationalizing Current Transport & Logistics Systems Workshop

This workshop was organized as a follow up of the previous workshops which were held in Jakarta and Yogyakarta in September 2014. It is also a development of Spatial Decision Support System (SDSS) of Urban Logistics initiated by the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia, PUSTRAL-UGM, and The Logistics Institute Asia Pacific National University of Singapore.

SDSS is an approach system used in spatial-based decision making. SDSS is applied in the context of urban logistics, where decision making is based on the selection of the most potential space as a consolidation centre of goods flowing into the city.

Workshop was held for 3 days on 9-11 June 2015 in Yogyakarta. The participants came from academia, policy makers, and practitioners, both from local or national. Prof. Dr. Robert de Souza, Dr. Lindawati, Dr. Narath Bushiri, Mr. Ho Sijie, Dr. Kuncoro Harto Widodo, Mr. Arif Wismadi, Mr. Edi Hendra Gunawan, and Mr. Eriadi were the speakers of this workshop.

Not only presentations of material, in this workshop, participants were also provided with a practical lesson session on the application of SDSS for Urban Logistic using ILWIS software. Participants were guided by a research team from Pustral-UGM SDSS and TLI-AP NUS Singapore to practice SDDS for finding the best consolidation centre location of flowing goods into the city.

This workshop also held a panel discussion session moderated by Mr. Iman Kusnadi (Vice-President of the Indonesian Logistics Association), and Mr. Agus Tavip Rayanto (BAPPEDA DIY), Mr. Arif Wismadi (PUSTRAL-UGM), Mr. Hengki Purwoto (PUSTRAL-UGM), and Mr. Fansuri Perbantasari (Bulog DIY) as the panellists. (Eriadi, Muadz,Listy)

Photo Session Day 1_1_resize DSC_0231_resize DSC_0107_resize DSC_0260_resize


Effectiveness of Yogyakarta Province Road Transportation Traffic Forum

Various traffic problems arise in Yogyakarta province. The high use of private vehicles has triggered road congestion, increased number of accidents, air pollution, etc. In addition, the capacity of the roads is also declining and cannot compensate for the increase of private vehicles’ population. The situation is further exacerbated by the proliferation of street parking, road space used by street vendors, as well as single-area-concentrated spatial planning. Public transport which is expected to be the solution to these problems has not maximized used.

In response to these problems, the government of Yogyakarta province has launched a wide range of activities for traffic engineering management. Those activities include road traffic engineering in Babarsari and Godean areas, the implementation of one-way policy in C. Simanjuntak and Prof. Johannes streets, the arrangement of Yogyakarta integrated urban transportation concept, as well as the completion of traffic problems road map in Yogyakarta province.

The efforts as mentioned above will certainly work best when supported by related stakeholders, both from the policy makers, law enforcers, academia, as well as the society itself. For this reason, there is an initiative to hold coordination among stakeholders in a Forum of Yogyakarta Province Road Transportation Traffic. This forum is expected to solve the problems and implement good governance of road traffic problems in Yogyakarta province.

A seminar on Forum of Yogyakarta Province Road Transportation Traffic is organized in Pustral-UGM on Thursday, March 26, 2015. As the speakers are Mr. Harry Agus Triono from the Transportation Agency of Yogyakarta Province and Mr. Kristiono from the Regional Police of Yogyakarta Province. Meanwhile, Mr. Deni Prasetio Nugroho from Pustral-UGM facilitates the event as the moderator. The seminar is attended by representatives of policy makers, law enforcement, academia, and Yogyakarta province community. The seminar is enriched by discussion among the participants to find the best arrangement for the forum. (Listy & Muadz)


Inventory of Emissions and Calculation of Pollutant Emission Load in Yogyakarta

Pustral-UGM in cooperation with the Environmental Agency of Yogyakarta held a public expose on the results of a study in 2012 on inventory of emissions and calculation of pollutant emission load in Yogyakarta city. The expose was conducted in Yogyakarta City Hall. The results of this study indicate that 90% of air pollution in Yogyakarta city is derived from mobile sources that are transportation vehicles. In term of types of hydrocarbon, pollution from personal vehicle contributes the highest level that is 93.3% from motorcycles, 4.7% from private cars and 0.3% from public transport.

Motorcycle is also accounted for the largest carbon monoxide levels in Yogyakarta city. Motorcycle’s emission contributes 78.4%, followed by private cars 13.1% and public vehicles (buses) of 0.4%. Meanwhile, for carbon dioxide levels, private cars exhaust emissions as much as 39.4%, motorcycles 36.7%, and public transport by 8.6%. Private cars also give the highest contribution to dust particles (PM10) for 63.4%, 13.5 % by motorcycles and 6.9 % by public transport (bus). Private cars also produce sulphur dioxide (S0) at the highest level (37.4 %), followed by buses (21.9%) and motorcycles (16.5%). As for Nitrogen dioxide (NOX), the largest exhaust emission is contributed respectively 30.7% by private cars, 27.2% by buses and 12.8 % by motorcycles. The results of this inventory will be used as an environmental policy foothold in the city of Yogyakarta. (Listy, Sa’duddin, Muadz) 


Seminar “Meeting Transportation Access for Diverse Needs”

The provision of public access to development process (social, economic and political) and self-development opportunities is the state’s obligation to its citizens. Access to transport infrastructure is a key to increased mobility and community participation. Nowadays, however, public transport services, infrastructure and fares, have not been optimal.

Nowadays, people who are awarded with good health, both physically and mentally, find some difficulties in accessing public transport infrastructure. Most of them prefer to use private vehicles. Those with disabilities, who are also have the right of transportation, certainly they have  more difficulties in accessing transport infrastructure. Hence, the state has the obligation to provide good transportation infrastructure that can serve all of the citizens.

As known, in Indonesia, there are 2.8 million people with disabilities in 2013 amounted (source: Ministry of Social Affairs in Antara News). Meanwhile, in Yogyakarta it self, there are 29.220 people in 2011 (source: Social Agency of Yogyakarta Province). People with disabilities are also has the right for transportation, the right to be free to go wherever and whenever.

Inadequate public transportation infrastructure and has forced disabled people to mobile themselves using modified motorized vehicles. Most them, however, do not have a driving license as a requirement to drive a motor vehicle on the highway. According to Prof. Dr. Danang Parikesit, having a driving license is the”first entry” to an individual right to drive a vehicle. This phenomenon occurs because the design of the existing public transport does not allow the implementation of services and rates that can serve all citizens in the country or referred as “universal access”.

In 2014, there are + -700 people with disabilities who propose to have a driving license in Yogyakarta province (source: Disabled Motorcyclist Community). By having the license, they will have the opportunity to make a big difference in their life, including; Independence in social life, opportunities to find a job and work, as well as the freedom to go wherever and whenever.

In response to the related issue, on 29 September 2014 at the Lower Main Room, office of Yogyakarta City Major, Center for Transportation and Logistics Studies (Pustral-UGM) with Disabled Motorcyclist Community (DMC) and United Cerebral Palsy (UCP) – Weels for Indonesian Humanity held a seminar entitled “Meeting Transportation Access for Diverse Needs”.

The seminar presented Prof. Dr. Danang Parikesit (Pustral-UGM), dr. Guritno Sp. KFR. (Academic Hospital of UGM), AKBP Tulus Ikhlas Pamoji (Director of Yogyakarta Province Traffic Police) and Dr. Gede Pasek Suardika (Director of Land Transport Safety, Ministry of Transportation of Republic of Indonesia) as the speakers. Participants who attended the seminar came from various backgrounds; academics, relevant office holders, police, and disabled people.

As a final note of the activity: Government (Ministry of Transportation, Ministry of Industry and Police) must come up with operational regulations related to the fulfillment of transportation access for special needs. The regulation should concern about vehicle design, infrastructure design, and related regulations for driving lisence acquisition for those with special needs. (Listi/Muadz)


Meeting the Diverse Needs on Access to Transportation Grha Sabha Pramana UGM, August 22-23, 2014

One of key strategies on land transport development is meet diverse needs. It means that transportation service shall be accessible by all people in any condition. In fact, it is frequently found that diffables find difficult to get access to public transportation and so that they prefer to move using their own modified vehicles. In Yogyakarta, according to chairman of DMC (Difable Motorcyclist Community) Yogyakarta, Waluyo, there are more than 600 diffables riding on the road. Although they do not have driving license, they ride motorcycle to move as the available public transport could not properly meet their specific needs. In one hand, for most diffables, having a driver license will make a great difference. They could be an independent person as they could go anywhere by themselves. Besides, they could also look for job and make money.

On the other hand, it is true that every citizen has the same level of rights to use road. Nevertheless, there are two prerequisites for a citizen to ride/drive on the road, i.e. (1) the possession of driver license for type of vehicle he/she rides on (Article 77 of Law Number 22/2009); and (2) that the vehicle (including its modification) has passed the vehicle type test. Driver license imply compliance to all legal aspects and appropriateness to operate vehicle. Meanwhile, the vehicle should pass the vehicle test which includes technical and roadworthy aspects.

As an initial step to establish transportation system which could meet diverse needs, PUSTRAL-UGM in collaboration with DMC Yogyakarta and UCP (United Cerebral Palsy) Indonesia had organized a series of activities specially designed for diffables. The main objective was to provide access as wide as possible for diffables to their legal rights on the road (driver license and vehicle modification).

The activity started with medical check-up on August 22, 2014. The medical team came from Rumah Sakit Akademik UGM and consisted of 5 doctors, 1 neurologist, 1 medical rehabilitation specialist, and 4 nurses. There were 180 participants in total taking part in this medical check-up. On the next day, August 23, 2014, participants joined a public lecture on road safety, riding/driving ethics, material for driving license test both theory and practical. Meanwhile, the speakers came from PUSTRAL-UGM, Directorate of Traffic of Yogyakarta Police Department, Sleman Police Department, and Gunung Kidul Police Department. (Supanggung/Muadz)